H is for History – #atozchallenge

One cannot travel any road in America or Canada without running into some sort of historical site, monument or building.  That is part of the fun of a back road adventure.  Our country of 2017 is defined in great part by the history of the country dating back to the 1600s (and earlier if you count the Native Americans).

Camp Disappointment west of Cut Bank< Montana looks out towards the mountains of Glacier National Park.  This is one of many Lewis and Clark Monuments across the United States.
Monument in Beachville, Ontario commemorating the first baseball game in Canada.

Dotting the roads of America are historical markers that tell about events that occurred in that exact location or nearby. There are literally 1000s of these. In the eastern US many of them are about Civil War incidents while in the west many are related to Indian Wars, Lewis and Clark or pioneers.  They are often interesting to stop and read.  As a History/Geography major in college, I have found these to be a sort of “roadside wikipedia.”

Historical Marker about West Columbia, TX
Fort Steuben Historical Site, Steubenville, OH
The Overland Trail historic Sign
Pound Gap Historical Sign on the Virginia/Kentucky Border
Rugby, ND in 2014
Alligator Blues Marker in Alligator, MS – One of many markers along the Blues Highway in Mississippi
Plaque describing the naming of the roads This Way and That Way in Lake Jackson, TX
Meriwether Lewis meets John Clark at the Falls of the Ohio in Clarksville, IN

When traveling through the heart of the country, one can come across a myriad of monuments and historical sites dedicated to Meriwether Lewis and William Clark…better known as just Lewis Clark.  From May 1804 to September 1806, these two, accompanied by 29 or 30 others, in what was named by then President Thomas Jefferson as the “Corps of Discovery.” They left Camp Dubois (near St. Louis) and ventured westward to the Pacific Coast.  In my travels I have come across dozens of monuments, plaques, museums and other places all dedicated to or referencing this amazing expedition.  Their pioneer spirit has always amazed me.

One of a number of Lewis and Clark Murals in Independence, MO
A plaque commemorating a Lewis and Clark Campsite near Elk Point, South Dakota
Pioneer Relief Sculpture at Council Bluffs Library

Of course, after them went the pioneers.  There were those who followed the Oregon Trail.  Others, chiefly the Mormons, forged their own trail, now called the Mormon trail.  In the south there was the famed Santa Fe Trail.  Then, along the way there were other smaller, lesser known trails, such as the Oyate Trail in South Dakota, and others.  Travel the roads that follow these trails and an abundance of unique history can be seen.  As a member of the LDS Church (Mormon) I have been able to visit many church historical sites.

A sculpture of a pioneer/trapper overlooks the Shields Valley in Montana
Pioneer brotherhood – Pioneer Memorial, Omaha, Nebraska
Pioneer Monument – Opal, WY
Life size Pioneer Diorama on outside of the National Oregon/California Trail Center in Montpelier, ID
LDS Church founder Joseph Smith’s Cabin in Palmyra, NY
Martins Cove in Wyoming, part of the Mormon Handcart Trail
Sumoflam and Cannons at Vicksburg National Military Park

Across a good portion of the southeast and all the way into Ohio and Pennsylvania, one will come across a plethora of Civil War related monuments, historical sites and otherwise.   Many sites have annual Civil War reenactments.

The big parks such as Vicksburg and Gettysburg are huge and have a ton of history.  But there are smaller ones, such as Perryville Battlefield in Kentucky that are unique in their historic perspective.

Sculpture at Vicksburg
Gettysburg Address Commemorative Sign, July 1998
Seth and Solomon with Civil War reenactors in Perryville, KY October 1994
Perryville Battlefield ReEnactment
One of four bronze statues that surround the large Civil War monument in Cleveland, OH. Called “At Short Range” it is a representation of the Artillery Group

In the far eastern parts of the United States one comes across places like the Jamestown Settlement and Williamsburg.  There are many others.

Kids in the Jamestown Settlement in August 1995
Kids take over the ship at Jamestown, VA – August 1995
Lucille Ball Birthplace

For fun, many cities have the “Birthplace of …” signs when you enter their small towns.  These could be famous actors, historical figures or athletes.  Typically there are monuments or statues.  I have come across many of these.  They are always a fun little side adventure.

I have come across many of these over the years.  Its always fun to “discover” the birthplaces.  (Ironically, Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, NY…not the same as Jamestown, VA which I posted above.)  Some of the “birthplaces” are a bit on the corny side.

Sumoflam at Judy Garland birthplace in Grand Rapids, MN
Birthplace of John Wayne, Winterset, Iowa
Dean Martin mural in his birthplace of Steubenville, OH painted by Robert Dever in 1998
Singing Perry Como statue in downtown Canonsburg, PA
A couple of my children at the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln in the 1990s
Birthplace of Kermit the Frog, Leland, MS
Future Birthplace of James T. Kirk in Riverside, IA
Washington County Courthouse in Washington, PA

Then, of course, there are the historical buildings.  Hundreds of unique courthouses and their fascinating architecture can be seen in diverse little towns and counties.  There are old churches large and small.  And many long forgotten dilapidated old buildings.  All of them tell some sort of story about the place.

I have visited dozens of courthouses around the country.  I love the old architecture.  I have some favorites.  Some are more interesting than others. I have added a few below.

 

Denton County Courthouse-on-the-Square in Denton, TX
Woodstock, Ontario City Hall
Old courthouse in Wharton, TX
Courthouse in Buena Vista, CO
Madison County Courthouse, Winterset, Iowa
Lit Pillars at Courthouse in Columbia, MO
Old Church “San Xavier del Bac” in Tucson
Sumoflam and Pyramid in Nekoma, ND
Sumoflam Gothic at the Grant Wood American Gothic House in Eldon, IA
Old Prairie School House on Smith-Frisno Road west of Havre, MT. I wanted this one in black and white…
Mustard Display – Plastic Bottles – Mustard Museum in Wisconsin

 

Finally, there are the many “oddball” or “quirky” historical sites and objects.  One never knows what they will run into in a small town.  A quaint historical museum? An oddball monument? A unique cemetery?

 

 

I have had fun discovering historical sites, quirky museums and other fun stuff.  Here are a few below.

Sod House Museum, Gothenburg, NE
Mothman Museum in Point Pleasant, WV
Canadian Warplane Museum in Hamilton, Ontario
“Where’s the Beef?” memorabilia from the famed advertising campaign in the Wendy’s Museum in Dublin, OH
At the Idaho Potato Museum in 2013
My son Seth at the SPAM Museum in Austin, MN July 2004
The Pyramid in Nekoma, ND
Gateway to the Blues, Tunica, Mississippi
Kregel Windmill Factory Museum in Nebraska City, NE
The Rockpile Museum in Gillette, WY

History is the fabric of our country!

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A to Z Challenge: The K Towns #atozchallenge

During the month of April I am participating in the Blogging from A to Z Challenge. The challenge has each blogger select a theme and then do a post thematically from A to Z during each day of April , except Sundays. My blog is number 1337 out of 1670 participating blogs. This year my A to Z posts will take you across the back roads of America to many unique what other bloggers will be posting about, check out the link: A to Z Theme Reveal List for 2016

K The K Towns

Kemmerer, Wyoming

Welcome to Kemmerer-Diamondville, Wyoming
Welcome to Kemmerer-Diamondville, Wyoming
US 30 east of Kemmerer/Diamondville
US 30 east of Kemmerer/Diamondville
Harvey Jackson mural on a corner in Kemmerer, WY
Harvey Jackson mural on a corner in Kemmerer, WY
Oregon Trail Marker in Kemmerer, WY
Oregon Trail Marker in Kemmerer, WY
Sumoflam with wooden Ma and Pa
Sumoflam with wooden Ma and Pa
JC Penney Mother Store
J.C. Penney Mother Store

Kemmerer, Wyoming and Diamondville, Wyoming are basically twin cities that reside in what is called “The Fossil Basin” due to the abundant fish fossils in the area.  On the way into Kemmerer I passed Fossil Butte National Monument, but did not have time to stop there. Some of the world’s best preserved fossils are found here including fossilized fish, insects, plants, reptiles, birds, and mammals.  They are apparently exceptional for their abundance, variety, and detail of preservation.   There are also “Dig-your-own” fossil quarries located in the hills surrounding ancient Fossil Lake, just west of Kemmerer and Diamondville.  So, this is a haven for fossil enthusiasts. Also, In 1902 James Cash Penney came to Kemmerer to open a business.  He set up the “Golden Rule Store” and opened its doors on April 14, 1902 in partnership with two other individuals. The partnership later dissolved, and, in 1909 Penney moved his headquarters to Salt Lake City to be closer to banks and railroads. The “Mother Store” still operates in Kemmerer. You can see more about my visit to Kemmerer and other Wyoming spots HERE.

Keystone, South Dakota

Welcome to Keystone, SD
Welcome to Keystone, SD
Mt. Rushmore near Keystone, SD
Mt. Rushmore near Keystone, SD

Keystone, South Dakota is the Gateway to Mt. Rushmore National Monument.  The town has a number of touristy shops, lots of hotels and motels and a few little resort types of things, typical of a “Gateway” town. The real point is that you need to go through Keystone to get to Mt. Rushmore National Monument.  A wonderful place to visit. Check out my post about my 2013 roadtrip from Glendive through the Enchanted Highway in North Dakota and into Keystone HERE.

Ketchikan, Alaska

My wife in Ketchikan, Alaska in 2004
My wife in Ketchikan, Alaska in 2004
Road up on stilts in Ketchikan, Alaska
Road up on stilts in Ketchikan, Alaska
House on Stilts in Ketchikan
House on Stilts in Ketchikan
Our Cruise Ship "Amsterdam" towers over the small town of Ketchikan, Alaska in 2004
Our Cruise Ship “Amsterdam” towers over the small town of Ketchikan, Alaska in 2004
Sumoflam with a Totem Pole in Ketchikan
Sumoflam with a Totem Pole in Ketchikan

In my last post I wrote about Juneau and our cruise in 2004.  After our visit to Juneau we then went on to Ketchikan, Alaska.  The town is dotted with totem poles and lots of souvenir shops.  It really was a fun place to visit.

Kensington District in Toronto, Ontario

Kensington Ave. in Toronto
Kensington Ave. in Toronto
Welcome to Kensington
Welcome to Kensington Street Art
Store Fronts in Kensington
Store Fronts in Kensington
CPub Clothing Shop in Kensington
CPub Clothing Shop in Kensington
Customers Needed sign in Kensington Market
Customers Needed sign in Kensington Market
Shops in Kensington
Shops in Kensington
Kensington Wall Art
Kensington Wall Art
King of Kensington
King of Kensington
Kensington Wall Art
Kensington Wall Art

OK, I admit it…Kensington is just a district of Toronto, Canada’s biggest city. But, in many respects it is like a little enclave of a town in the midst of the city. The smells and aromas of the food and markets are wonderful, but even better is the eye candy in the form of colorful store fronts, wall art, street art and shop signs.  I was always a fan of wall murals and art, but it was in Kensington that I fell in love with “graffiti” and Street Art, which has continued to this day.  I visited Kensington in 2008 on part of an all day trip to Toronto.  See the full story with a ton of photos HERE.

Kadoka, South Dakota

Kadoka, South Dakota water tower
Kadoka, South Dakota water tower
Badland's Travel Stop - Belvidere, SD
Badland’s Travel Stop – Belvidere, SD
Kadoka Badlands Petrified Gardens
Kadoka Badlands Petrified Gardens
Museum sign in Kadoka, SD
Museum sign in Kadoka, SD
Old Wagon Wheel Motel Neon Sign in Kadoka
Old Wagon Wheel Motel Neon Sign in Kadoka
Badlands National Park in SD
Badlands National Park in SD
"Scrappy" the Scrap Metal Buck by Brett Prang - Kadoka, South Dakota
“Scrappy” the Scrap Metal Buck by Brett Prang – Kadoka, South Dakota

Kadoka, South Dakota is the Gateway to the Badlands National Park. A great little rustic town with a couple of Trading Posts, and a few interesting statues, etc.  Scrappy, the scrap metal deer made from auto parts was fascinating to me.  See my full post about Kadoka and the Badlands HERE and HERE.

Kremlin, Montana (Honorable Mention)

Kremlin Post Office, Kremlin, Montana
Kremlin Post Office, Kremlin, Montana
Kremlin, Montana -- USA Style
Kremlin, Montana — USA Style

Kremlin, Montana is another of the interesting small communities on US Highway 2, the Hi-Line, in Montana. The town of Kremlin apparently got its name from a Russian immigrant who was laying railroad track in the area around 1890. He saw the Bears Paws mountains in the distance and they reminded him of home.

Kirkwood, Missouri (Honorable Mention)

KirkwoodLaumeier
Laumeier Sculpture Park and Museum in Kirkwood, MO
Bro. Mel Meyer – Chairs, 1996 (located downtown Kirkwood)
Bro. Mel Meyer – Chairs, 1996 (located downtown Kirkwood)

Kirkwood, Missouri is a suburb of St. Louis and is known for its massive collection of outdoor artwork, especially the pieces located in the Laumeier Sculpture Park. I am always a fan of creativity and outdoor art and the large number of huge pieces at the Sculpture Park was fascinating.  You can see photos of many of them on my post about a visit to St. Louis and Kirkwood in 2010.  The post can be seen HERE.

Did You Miss My Other A to Z Challenge Posts? Click on a letter below to see the others.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Learn More About the A to Z Challenge and visit hundreds of other participating blogs (click logo below)

A2Z-BADGE [2016]

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Two Days to Dallas: Day 1 – Idaho Falls, Idaho to Eagle, Colorado

Flowery Meadows near Hayden, Colorado
Flowery Meadows near Hayden, Colorado

On June 12 I commenced on a trip to Dallas, Texas from Idaho Falls, Idaho.  This would be a long two day trip, but I certainly wanted to hit some places I had never been before.  So, on Day 1 I ventured south through Pocatello and then onto Eagle, Colorado, about 588 miles.  Following is my route map for Day 1.


View Larger Map – Idaho Falls, ID to Eagle, CO

Just near the hotel I stayed at in Idaho Falls, there was an amazing Eagle Sculpture in a roundabout.  This is a HUGE work and is quite stunning.  Called “The Protector”, it is touted as the “World’s Largest Eagle Monument” and was unveiled in the fall of 2006.  The work was done by Wyoming artist Vic Payne and portrays a mother eagle perched to feed her two young eaglets with a salmon that is held in her great talons. The father, “The Protector”, circles around his territory in majestic flight keeping a vigilant watch for anything that may bring danger to his family. Payne created the eagles 3 times life size with a 21 foot wingspan. Each of the eaglets are 4 1/2 feet in height.

The Protector by Vic Payne in Idaho Falls, Idaho
The Protector by Vic Payne in Idaho Falls, Idaho

Go figure…I will start the morning off with an “Eagle” and end the day in an “Eagle.”

Mother Eagle portion of "The Protector" by Vic Payne
Mother Eagle portion of “The Protector” by Vic Payne

I then proceeded south on I-15 to Pocatello.  This drive goes through volcanic fields and other geology.  An interesting drive.  As I approached the crest of a hill though, there was a stunning change in scenery as the lava fields turned into a huge field of yellow.

Highway to Pocatello
Highway to Pocatello
Amazing field of yellow north of Pocatello, Idaho
Amazing field of yellow north of Pocatello, Idaho

From Pocatello I continued south until I hit US 30 and then proceeded east towards Lava Hot Springs. This road leads into the hill country and offered more great views of flowery meadows.

Flowery meadows west of Lava Springs, Idaho
Flowery meadows west of Lava Springs, Idaho

I rolled into the small resort town of Lava Hot Springs, which is nestled in a nice little valley.  I didn’t have time to stop except for a photo or two.  But the Welcome Sign pretty much says it all.

Welcome to Lava Hot Springs, Idaho
Welcome to Lava Hot Springs, Idaho

This area was frequented by pre-historic Indians long before the white men arrived in 1812.  They used the hot water for bathing and processing hides.  It was also a major campground during the winter.  Now the town touts itself as a “Vacation Resort” with spas, water slides and more.

Lava Hot Springs Resort
Lava Hot Springs Resort

Not much further east is the town of Soda Springs. Like Lava Hot Springs, it sits atop of hot springs and has a geyser too!! There is a lot of history here.  In fact, Brigham Young, the great Mormon leader, even had a home here.  as noted, Soda Springs has the only captive geyser in the world.  It was discovered in an attempt to find a hot water source for a swimming pool.  On November 30, 1937, the drill went down 315 feet and unleashed the geyser.  The extreme pressure is caused by carbon dioxide gas mixing with water in an underground chamber.  The water is around 72 F.  It is now controlled by a timer.  It erupts every hour on the hour and reaches heights of 100 feet year round. 

Soda Springs Historic Marker
Soda Springs Historic Marker
Idan-Ha Drive In Theatre - Soda Springs, Idaho
Idan-Ha Drive-In Theatre – Soda Springs, Idaho
Main Street Soda Springs
Main Street Soda Springs
Murals in Soda Springs
Murals in Soda Springs
The Soda Springs Geyser - erupts every hour on the hour
The Soda Springs Geyser – erupts every hour on the hour

I really would have liked to have spent a couple of hours here.  It is a nice little town with some great history.  But, I had to press on to Montpelier, which is “Pioneer Central”.

Ranch Hand Trail Stop - Montpelier, ID -- Eat 3 pancakes Eat Free...
Ranch Hand Trail Stop – Montpelier, ID — Eat 3 pancakes Eat Free…
Welcome to Montpelier, Idaho
Welcome to Montpelier, Idaho

Montpelier, Idaho was founded in 1864 and received its name from Brigham Young in deference to his birthplace in the town of the same name in Vermont.  Mormon heritage in the Bear Lake area of Idaho.  Many Mormon families moved and settled in this area in the 1860s and 1870s.  Indeed, my wife’s direct ancestors were some of the families that came to the area.  In her case, her great great grandfather William Shepherd migrated from England and settled in nearby Paris, Idaho, which later became the county seat of Bear Lake County.  He was a shoemaker and a farmer and was considered a “leading citizen” of the county (see this article for more on the Shepherds). My wife’s grandfather Rulon T. Shepherd was born in Paris as was her mother Arlene.  Rulon and family eventually were some of the original settlers in Mesa, Arizona.  So, the Pioneer Heritage of this area has a special place in the hearts of my family.

Welcome to Montpelierr - Part II
Welcome to Montpelier – Part II

Montpelier is home to the National Oregon/California Trail Center, which is all about the pioneers. The Trail Center was built to preserve, perpetuate and promote the pioneer history and heritage of the Oregon/California Trail and the Bear Lake Valley.

Sumoflam at National Oregon/California Trail Center
Sumoflam at National Oregon/California Trail Center, Montpelier, Idaho
Life size Pioneer Diorama on outside of the Trail Center in Montpelier
Life size Pioneer Diorama on outside of the Trail Center in Montpelier
Trail Center Covered Wagon
Trail Center Covered Wagon
Wildflowers at the Trail Center
Wildflowers at the Trail Center
The National Oregon/California Trail Center, Montpelier, Idaho
The National Oregon/California Trail Center, Montpelier, Idaho

I had to move on and into Wyoming.  I got to the border via US 30 as it wound through areas trekked on by pioneers

 

US 30 east of Montpelier
US 30 east of Montpelier, Idaho
Welcome to Wyoming sign on US 30
Welcome to Wyoming sign on US 30
Border, Wyoming sign
Border, Wyoming sign

From the border I headed into the small town of Cokeville, Wyoming.

US 30 heading south to Cokeville, Wyoming
US 30 heading south to Cokeville, Wyoming
Welcome to Cokeville, WY
Welcome to Cokeville, WY

Cokeville, Wyoming is a small town of about 535 people.  The town got its name from coal deposits found in the area.  The railroad arrived in 1882 and the town incorporated in 1910 and, in the early 1900s, was called the “Sheep Capital of the World” due to the number of sheep ranches. (Newell, SD is now called the “Sheep Capital of America”).  Perhaps the only really interesting thing I saw in Cokeville was the non-descript sign for “Blondie’s Cafe”.

Blondie's Cafe - Cokeville, WY
Blondie’s Cafe – Cokeville, WY

From Cokeville I continued s outh on US 30 until it turned east and then followed it on to Kemmerer.

US 30 South of Cokeville, WY
US 30 South of Cokeville, WY
US 30 turning east towards Kemmerer
US 30 turning east towards Kemmerer
US 30 heading east to Kemmerer, WY
US 30 heading east to Kemmerer, WY

 

Almost to Kemmerer sign...
Almost to Kemmerer sign…

Kemmerer, Wyoming and Diamondville, Wyoming are basically twin cities that reside in what is called “The Fossil Basin” due to the abundant fish fossils in the area.  On the way into Kemmerer I passed Fossil Butte National Monument, but did not have time to stop there. Some of the world’s best preserved fossils are found here including fossilized fish, insects, plants, reptiles, birds, and mammals.  They are apparently exceptional for their abundance, variety, and detail of preservation.   There are also “Dig-your-own” fossil quarries located in the hills surrounding ancient Fossil Lake, just west of Kemmerer and Diamondville.  So, this is a haven for fossil enthusiasts.

Welcome to Kemmerer Diamondville
Welcome to Kemmerer Diamondville
Fish Fossil Sign
Fish Fossil Sign
Wyoming's Wonder Sign - Kemmerer, WY
Wyoming’s Wonder Sign – Kemmerer, WY
Oregon Trail SIgn
Oregon Trail Sign

The two towns boast a number of beautiful wooden signs that dot the area.  A few samples are above.

Kemmerer, Wyoming has about 2,700 residents and is the county seat of Lincoln County. The town was established as a result of the discovery of coal deposits by explorer John Fremont. In 1881 the Union Pacific Coal Company opened an underground mine in conjunction with the newly added Oregon Short Line Railroad.  The actual town was founded in 1897 and was named after Pennsylvania Coal Magnate Mahlon S. Kemmerer, who provided major funding for the mine operations. As a result of the mines, the town grew rapidly.

J.C. Penney Mother Store
J.C. Penney Mother Store

In 1902 James Cash Penney came to Kemmerer to open a business.  He set up the “Golden Rule Store” and opened its doors on April 14, 1902 in partnership with two other individuals. The partnership later dissolved, and, in 1909 Penney moved his headquarters to Salt Lake City to be closer to banks and railroads.  By 1912 he had expanded to 34 stores in .  In 1913 he made the decision to change their names to J.C. Penney Company. and the company eventually moved its headquarters to New York. An interesting side note of history: In 1940, Sam Walton began working at a J. C. Penney in Des Moines, Iowa. Walton later went on to found future retailer Walmart in 1962.  The “Mother Store” still operates in Kemmerer.

Wall Mural in Kemmerer
Harvey Jackson Wall Mural in Kemmerer

The town has a beautiful (and large) wall mural in the downtown area depicting the history of the area. It was done by mural artist Harvey Jackson in 2006.  I have wrote about another of his murals in Gillette, Wyoming in an earlier post.

Harvey Jackson mural
Detail of Harvey Jackson mural
Detail of Harvey Jackson mural
Detail of Harvey Jackson mural
Wooden Ma and Pa, Kemmerer, WY
Wooden Ma and Pa, Kemmerer, WY

I found this old wooden couple outside of Bob’s Rock Shop in Kemmerer. I didn’t stop in due to time constraints, but I had to get a shot of this fun couple!

Sumoflam with Ma and Pa
Sumoflam with Ma and Pa
Antler Motel Neon Sign in Kemmerer. Love old neon signs.
Antler Motel Neon Sign in Kemmerer. Love old neon signs.

Like Kemmerer, the small town of Diamondville, Wyoming got its start from Cole Mining when coal was discovered nearby in 1868 by a man named Harrison Church.  A tent town soon formed and eventually the town was established in 1896.  The town apparently got its name from the quality of the superior-grade coal that seemed to resemble black diamonds.

Diamondville Water Tank
Diamondville Water Tank
Diamondville Town Hall sign
Diamondville Town Hall sign

From Diamondville I proceeded east on US 30 towards the small town of Opal, WY.

US 30 east of Diamondville
US 30 east of Diamondville

Opal, Wyoming is practically a ghost town.  There are only a few occupied buildings and a number of old run down houses.  It was originally an old railroad town and is also a center for sheep and cattle ranching. According to one site, the town ships 10,000 head of cattle annually.

Old Mercantile Building, Opal, WY
Old Mercantile Building, Opal, WY
Pioneer Monument - Opal, WY
Pioneer Monument – Opal, WY

Continuing eastward, US 30 moved southeast towards Interstate 80 south of Granger, Wyoming.  From there it was on to Little America, Wyoming.

US 30 East near Granger, Wyoming
US 30 East near Granger, Wyoming
Approaching Little America, WY
Approaching Little America, WY

Little America got its name from the Little America motel, which was purposefully located in this remote location as a haven, not unlike the base camp the polar explorer Richard E. Byrd set up in the Antarctic in 1928, thus the use of penguins as the icons. However, being situated on a coast-to-coast highway and offering travel services, it thrived, launching a chain of travel facilities by the same name. Its developer, Robert Earl Holding, who died on April 19, 2013, with a personal net worth of over $3 billion.  Holding was the owner of Sinclair gas, the Little America hotel chain and the Sun Valley and Snowbasin ski resorts, among other businesses.

Famous Sinclair Dinosaur at Little America
Famous Sinclair Dinosaur at Little America

In 1974 I began work with a company in Salt Lake City called Alta Distributing.  It was a record and tape rack jobber and I was given a sales territory that included southern Utah, eastern Utah and southern Wyoming.  Once a month I made way from Vernal, Utah to Rock Springs, Wyoming and then west to Evanston and back to Salt Lake.  I always stopped in Little America…it was truly a haven and they had a great dining facility with amazing portions. It was one of my fonder memories.  Later, while in college, I worked for a short time at the Little America in Flagstaff, AZ and then, as a tour guide, made frequent trips to this classy hotel to pick up guests.

Famous Little America sign
Famous Little America sign

Heading east on I-80, the landscape is fairly bleak.  Lots of sage brush and high desert landscapes.  To some it is likely a boring drive.  But, there is plenty of life out there and, as one gets closer to Green River, the scenery starts getting more interesting.

 I-80 East of Little America
I-80 East of Little America
I-80 near Green River, Wyoming
I-80 near Green River, Wyoming – looking at Castle Rock on the right
Green River Tunnel east of Green River, WY
Green River Tunnel east of Green River, WY

From Green River it is a hop skip and a jump to Rock Springs.  I always remembered Rock Springs as a town full of singlewide trailers, but the town of 23,000 is actually quite vibrant due to the energy-rich region that contains numerous oil and natural gas reserves.

Welcome to Rock Springs, WY
Welcome to Rock Springs, WY
Landscape near Rock Springs, WY
Landscape near Rock Springs, WY

I continued east on I-80 until I got to exit 187 which linked with Wyoming HWY 789, which headed south towards Colorado. This exit had a couple of old gas station signs, remnants of a vibrant time now long gone.

Baggs Rd - WY Hwy 789
Baggs Rd – WY Hwy 789
Old Gas Sign near Baggs Rd., Wyoming
Old Gas Sign near Baggs Rd., Wyoming
Old Neon Gas Sign near Baggs Rd., Wyoming
Old Neon Mojo Gas Sign near Baggs Rd., Wyoming

The drive to Baggs, Wyoming on WY 789 is a 50 mile drive through some pretty amazing desert scenery. including colorful buttes, badlands, arroyos, wild horses and antelope.  I was quite thrilled to take this drive on a road I had never been on and on one that is obviously not heavily traveled.  At one time this was part of the Overland Trail and there are apparently still some ruts visible from the late 1800s when the trail was used.

The Overland Trail historic Sign
The Overland Trail historic Sign
Colorful buttes along Hwy 789 in south central Wyoming
Colorful buttes along Hwy 789 in south central Wyoming
Colorful hills on WY 789 South
Colorful hills on WY 789 South
Wild Horses as seen along Hwy 789 north of Baggs, WY
Wild Horses as seen along Hwy 789 north of Baggs, WY
Badlands north of Baggs, WY
Badlands north of Baggs, WY

The drive down Hwy 789 is also historic.  It is reputedly where the famous Butch Cassidy, the Sundance Kid and their “Wild Bunch” hung out.  Baggs is one of many towns in scenic Carbon County, Wyoming, which includes the towns of Rawlins, Baggs and a number of others.

Welcome to Baggs, WY
Welcome to Baggs, WY

Baggs, Wyoming is a short drive from the Colorado border and is only about 40 miles or so from Craig, Colorado.  To get there I continued south on 789 which turns into Colorado Hwy 13 heading into Craig.

Welcome to Colorado WY 789 and CO 13
Welcome to Colorado WY 789 and CO 13
Colorado Hwy 13
Colorado Hwy 13

The drive down Colorado 13 is scenic with rolling hills and lots of antelope.  I saw quite a few including the two below and then the amazing scene of the mother and two calves.

Antelope on CO Hwy 13
Antelope on CO Hwy 13
Pronghorn Antelope on CO Hwy 13
Pronghorn Antelope on CO Hwy 13
CO Hwy 13 in Moffat County
CO Hwy 13 in Moffat County
Antelope Doe and Calves as seen from CO Hwy 13 north of Craig, CO
Antelope Doe and Calves as seen from CO Hwy 13 north of Craig, CO
Another shot of the antelopes
Another shot of the antelopes

Along this highway one can see the “Fortification Rocks” which is an old basalt pillar that is believed to be used by Indians as a fortification. The historical marker for Fortification Rocks thew in some humor noting that “this area is better known as home to a large number of rattlesnakes.”  This structure juts out of the prairie like a sharp razor back and is fairly impressive.

Fortification Rocks as seen from the north on CO 13.
Fortification Rocks as seen from the north on CO 13.
Fortification Rocks as seen from the side on CO Hwy 13
Fortification Rocks as seen from the side on CO Hwy 13

Continuing southward towards Craig the scenery continues to get more impressive.

CO Hwy 13 near Craig, CO
CO Hwy 13 near Craig, CO

And, of course, my GPS knows me well as it sent me on a gravel road bypassing Craig and heading towards US Route 40 and Hayden, CO.

Gravel Road - Yoleta Trail Rd. east of Craig, CO
Gravel Road – Yoleta Trail Rd. east of Craig, CO
Old Cabin on US 40 west of Hayden, CO
Old Cabin on US 40 west of Hayden, CO
Elkhead Creek Valley west of Hayden, CO
Yampa River Valley west of Hayden, CO

Hayden is a small town of abut 1600 people just a few miles east of Craig, CO and west of Steamboat Springs, CO on US Hwy 40. The area was first settled in 1875, with the town established in 1894 and incorporated in 1906. Hayden was named for F.V. Hayden, head of a survey party for the U.S. Geological & Geographic Survey in the late 1860s. Hayden explored western Colorado during the late nineteenth century.  It has a small mainline passenger airport due to it’s proximity to some major Colorado ski resorts.

Welcome to Hayden, CO
Welcome to Hayden, CO

I continued east on US 40 a few more miles until I hit Colorado Hwy 131 which headed south towards Eagle through the Yampa River Valley and some wonderful late spring scenery of wildflower covered hills, as well as a drive by a huge Peabody Coal operation near Oak Creek, Colorado.

Mountains and meadows as seen from CO Hwy 131
Mountains and meadows as seen from CO Hwy 131
Flowery Meadows on CO Hwy 131
Flowery Meadows on CO Hwy 131
More flowers along the road
More flowers along the road
Closeup of flowers
Closeup of yellow wildflowers
Coal mining near Oak Creek, Colorado
Coal mining near Oak Creek, Colorado
Train coming out of Peabody Coal Mine near Oak Creek, CO
Train coming out of Peabody Coal Mine near Oak Creek, CO

From the Peabody Coal facility, CO 131 winds its way down into the small town of Oak Creek.  Funny how it reminded me of the drive from Flagstaff, AZ to Sedona, AZ thorough Oak Creek Canyon with the sharp curves.

Oak Creek, Colorado
Oak Creek, Colorado
Large wall mural on Chelsea's Chinese restaurant in Oak Creek, CO
Large wall mural on Chelsea’s Chinese restaurant in Oak Creek, CO
A mystic mural in Oak Creek, CO
A mystic mural in Oak Creek, CO

From Oak Creek I proceeded south to Phippsburg and then into Yampa, CO, where I caught a pretty amazing sunset.

Rocky Mountains south of Phippsburg
Rocky Mountains south of Phippsburg
Sunset hits Devil's Grave Mesa south of Phoppsburg, CO
Sunset hits Devil’s Grave Mesa south of Phippsburg, CO

I finally arrived in Yampa, Colorado at around 8:30 PM in time to catch a glimpse of a wonderful sunset on the hills.

Sunset as seen from Yampa, CO
Sunset as seen from Yampa, CO
Another view of sunset from Yampa
Another view of sunset from Yampa

The remainder of the drive was in the shady light of sunset as I continued south and crossed over the Colorado River at State Bridge Landing south of Bond, CO.  It was too dark to get any photographs but it was lit enough that I could imagine that it was a spectacular scene.  I eventually made my way to my hotel in Eagle, CO.  It was a long day after nearly 600 miles of driving…but left some lasting memories.

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